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Citing Sources Guide

Assists in the citation and referencing of styles used at Northwestern



The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) uses the author-date style of referencing. Guides on the Author Services page of the ASCE Library website provide consistent explanations and multiple examples of in-text citing and reference lists. While similar, I've provided each of the links for access to a variety of examples from different publication formats. 

  • Books: View a concise explanation of Author-Date References, including in-text citing and reference list examples. Use the Sections menu to choose a specific type of example or download the document in pdf.
  • Journals: More guidance and examples can be found in the Peer Review Process chapter. You'll want to use the Sections menu and scroll down to select "References."  This document includes the most examples from a wide variety of publication formats. 
  • Proceedings: It may also be helpful to view the Guidelines for Authors of Proceedings Papers. Open the pdf version and scroll down to "References" under the Manuscript Formatting section. You may also use the References at the end of the paper as examples.



The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) provides a few reference examples on their Information for Journal Authors page, including a list of standard abbreviations for referencing ASME journal titles. However, authors are encouraged to consult the Chicago Manual of Style for precise instructions. As a UNW student, you have online access to the Chicago Manual of Style. For your convenience, this database is linked at the bottom of this page.

In addition, the ASME also provides examples related to References in its Guide to Conference Publications




For guidance with IEEE style, please use the IEEE Author Center. This site provides links to the complete IEEE Editorial Style Manual, as well as the helpful IEEE Reference Guide

For a brief overview of IEEE style, please visit Purdue Owl. 

You may also need to consult the Chicago Manual of Style for guidance on grammar and usage, which UNW subscribes to online and maintains a style guide. For spelling reference, IEEE uses the Merriam-Webster Dictionary. For your convenience, these databases are linked below.